Rang a 6

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Obair

De Luain

18 Bealtaine

(18/5/20)

Obair

De Máirt

2 Meitheamh

(2/6/20)

Obair

De hAoine

29 Bealtaine

(29/5/20)

Obair

De Luain

8 Meitheamh

(8/6/20)

A= Correct previous day’s work (Frtday 5/6). Date your corrections on the page. B= Try and complete today’s work

Gaeilge: Abair Liom Lch 78 A (Revision Work pages)

Bearla: Starlight p176 Read and answer questions

1. Who is writing this email? Who is it being sent to?

2. What notice did she see?

3. What do the security guards say?

4. What happens at the library?

5. What’s Emma’s proposal?

Black Words on p176/177 – Use dictionary to write definition of 5 black words and then write a sentence with word in it.

Story: On this date in History June 8th 1985: Boxing- Barry McGuigan becomes World champion.

Mata: New Wave p107 Monday

Zoom De Luain, De Ceadaoin agus De hAoine 9.50 – 10.30

De Luain, Mata - New Wave p106 9.50rn – 10.30rn

Tireolaiocht ( Dul Siar -revision) Lch 18/19 Cúige Uladh

Cúige Uladh - Scriobh cúíg condaetha, cúig bailte, 3 sléibte, 3 aibhneacha, 3 lochanna agus 3 oileáin timpeall Cúige Ulaidh.

Stair: (Siul Siar 4 handout lch 58 in Abair liom book)

Lch 58 Eire i nDiaidh an Chonartha–

Léigh an cúigiú agus seú alt (5th and 6th paragraph)

C1 Cé a bhunaigh Fianna Fáil?

C2 Cén bhliain ina raibh said reidh páirt a ghlacadh sa Daíl?

C3 Cé a bhuaigh an toghchán sa bhliain 1932?

Lamhscriobh: Handwriting book

Go with the flow G – Write half a page

Story: On this date in History June 8th 1985: Boxing - Barry Mc Guigan becomes World champion.

Barry Patrick McGuigan was born in Clones, Co Monaghan on 28 February 1961, the third of eight children to Pat and Kate. He became a world champion boxer and his nickname was the “Clones Cyclone”. He took his first tentative steps into boxing at the age of 11 or 12. McGuigan and a dozen or so of his friends found a pair of old boxing gloves in an old house and started messing around, each taking one glove and fighting an opponent with the other.

Wattlebridge Amateur Boxing Club in Fermanagh was where McGuigan first started training. He was fighting after just a couple of weeks even though his tuition up to that point involved little more than skipping and hitting a punching bag. As an amateur McGuigan represented both Northern Ireland - winning gold at the 1978 Commonwelth Games - and the Republic at the 1980 Olympic Games in Moscow where he lost in the third round to Winfred Kabunda of Zambia. At his boxing matches, his ‘anthem’ was Danny Boy which his father would perform.

He began his professional career the following summer with a knockout of Selwyn Bell inside two rounds in Dublin but it wouldn’t be long before he suffered his first setback, losing to Peter Eubanks in a controversial decision.

McGuigan would recover, however, and after 27 professional bouts - 26 of which he won - he got his title shot against Eusebio Pedroza from Panama.

On 8 June, 1985 the fight took place. It was in London in a soccer stadium called Loftus Road, belonging to the soccer team Queen’s Park Rangers. McGuigan took on the Panamanian, in front of 27,000 fans, for the WBA featherweight championship of the world.

Before the fight McGuigan tells a story of how Pedroza’s manager, Santiago Del Rio, was unhappy with how the Clones boxer’s bandages were being applied even though this was the way the McGuigan camp always did it. After dropping Pedroza in the seventh round, McGuigan went on to win by unanimous decision after 15 gruelling rounds.

The 23-year-old would hold onto his belt for just over a year, defending it twice before losing it to Steve Cruz. The Cruz fight was in the blazing sun in Texas, USA on 23 June 1986. Barry fought four more times, winning three, before a defeat to Jim McDonnell in 1989 brought an end to his fighting career. Since hanging up his gloves, Barry has worked as a boxing pundit on television and as a boxing manager with world champion Carl Frampton his most famous client.

Questions: 1 Where and when was Barry McGuigan born?

  1. What was his nickname and when did start boxing first?
  2. What club did he join and what type of training did he do?
  3. What Olympic games did he fight in and who beat him?
  4. Who did Barry fight on 8th June 1985?
  5. Where was fight held and how many went to see it?
  6. When and where did he lose his world title?
  7. What work did Barry do after he retired from boxing?

A= Correct previous day’s work (Thursday 28/5). Date your corrections on the page. B= Try and complete today’s work

Gaeilge:Abair Liom lch 152 A

Bearla: Starlight p174 D

Story - On this date in history: 29 May 1968 -

Manchester United beat Portuguese side Benfica 4-1 to become the first English club to win the European Cup. The Manchester United team included the legendary George Best.

Mata: New Wave p103 Problem solving and Friday Review

Zoom De hAoine 9.50 – 10.30

Ceol - Feadóg Stain agus Gaeilge Rang De hAoine 9.50rn – 10.30

Music - Tin whistle and Irish class Friday 9.50 - 10.30am

Coineartú: Mark Saturday 30th May 7pm in your diary as Bishop Francis hopes to pray The Ceremony of Light with you from St Mel's Cathedral via webcam http://www.longfordparish.com/stmelstv.htm.

Lamhscriobh: Handwriting book

Go with the flow G – Write half a page

Gaeilge:Abair Liom lch 152 A

A1 Dúirt 2 Rug 3 Bhí 4 An gcloisfidh 5 Rinneamar 6 Faigheann 7 fhaca 8 Itheann 9 Thug 10 Níor tháinig 11 Téim / Téann mé

Bearla: Starlight p174 D

D 1 pacifist 2 institutionalised 3 proximity 4 commitment 5 petition 6 percentage

The Busby Babes and the European Cup final 1968

Questions: 1 Who was the first English team to win the European Cup? When did this happen?

Manchester United were the first English club to win the European Cup. On the 29th of May 1968 they beat Portuguese side Benfica 4-1 in the final.

2 Why, do you think, was the 1958 team called the Busby Babes? They were young players and their manager was Matt Busby.

3 Where were they returning from on the 6th February 1958? The team was returning from a European Cup match in Belgrade Yugoslavia having eliminated Red Star Belgrade to advance to the semi-finals of the competition.

4 What type of plane were they in? How many of the Busby Babes died? The plane was a BEA Airspeed AS-57 Ambassador and it smashed into a house at the end of the runway after it failed to get off the ground in the bad weather. Twenty three people, including eight of the “Busby Babes” would lose their lives.

5 How many years later did Manchester United make the European final? Ten years later Manchester United made the European final.

6 Who did they beat in the Semi-Final that year? They beat the famous Real Madrid in an epic semi-final that eventually saw the Reds run-out 4-3 winners on aggregate.

7 Who did they meet in the final and where was the final played? The final that year would be played at Wembley Stadium, London against Portuguese champions Benfica.

8 Who scored Manchester United’s goals in the final? The goals were scored by George Best. Brian Kidd and two goals from Bobby Charlton.

9 Which of the goal scorers had been one of the “Busby Babes” and had survived the plane crash? Bobby Charlton had survived the plane crash in 1958 and scored the goals ten years later.

Mata: New Wave p103 Problem solving and Friday Review - Answers attached

A= Correct previous day’s work (Friday 29/5). Date your corrections on the page. B= Try and complete today’s work

Gaeilge:Abair Liom lch 152 B

Bearla: Starlight p174 E Part 1 Synonyms

Starlight Story – The Crimean War. Read story and answer questions.

Mata: New Wave p104 Tuesday

Zoom De Ceadaoin agus De hAoine 9.50 – 10.30

Feadóg Stain agus Mental Maths - Dé Ceadaoin 9.50rn – 10.30rn

Mental Maths p103 Corrrections and Tin whistle-Wednesday 9.50 - 10.30am

Tireolaiocht

Lch 13 Eire Aibhneacha agus sleibhte

Cuige Ulaidh - Scriobh Aibhneacha agus Sléibhte

Stair: (Siul Siar 4 handout in Abair liom book)

Lch 58 Eire i nDiaidh an Chonartha– Leigh an chead alt (1st paragraph)

C1 Cén pairtí a bhunaigh na daoine a bhí i bhfabhar an chonartha?

C2 Cén t-ainm a bhí ar bhfear i gceannais an pairti sin?

C3 Cé a bhí an chead rialtas sa saorstát?

C4 Cad a thosaigh said ag tógail?

Lamhscriobh: Handwriting book

Go with the flow G – Write half a page

The Crimean War and Florence Nightingale

The Crimean War was fought between 1853 and 1856. It was fought in the Crimea, an area in the south of Russia. On one side were Britain, France, and Turkey, and on the other side was Russia.

The war began because Russia tried to take control of a region where some of the Balkan countries are today (Romania, Bulgaria, and Moldova). In the 1850s this region was part of the vast Ottoman Empire. This was a Muslim empire, ruled from Turkey. Russia was a Christian country and wanted to protect Christians living in the Ottoman Empire.

In July 1853 a Russian army invaded a part of the Ottoman Empire that is now part of Romania. Soon afterward, Turkey declared war on Russia. The Russians refused to leave the area, so Britain and France declared war on Russia fearing they would advance further into Europe. In September 1854 an army of British, French, and Turkish soldiers landed on the Crimean peninsula. Over the following two years, many battles were fought there. One major battle was over the Russian port of Sevastopol. In March 1856 a peace treaty was signed.

Read Aloud: Fast Forward (Subscriber Feature)

It has been estimated that at least 500,000 soldiers died in the Crimean War. More soldiers died of disease, especially cholera, than were killed in the fighting. One of the most famous people involved in the Crimean War was not a soldier. The nurse Florence Nightingale went to the Crimea to take care of the soldiers. She introduced modern nursing practices and saved many lives. She was also known as the lady with the lamp as she was often seen at night in the hospital walking around comforting the injured soldiers.

Another famous story to come out of the Crimean War was the Charge of the Light Brigade. This was an event that took place in October 1854, during the Battle of Balaclava. More than 600 British cavalrymen (the Light Brigade) charged courageously into the ranks of Russians, who greatly outnumbered them. Some 40 percent of the brigade was killed.

Questions 1 When was the Crimean War fought?

2 What countries fought in this war? 3 What was the Ottoman Empire?

4 Who started the war? 5 How many soldiers died in the Crimean War? 6 How did Florence Nightingale save many lives? What was she known as? 7 When and what was the Charge of the Light Brigade?

A= Correct previous day’s work (Friday 19/5). Date your corrections on the page. B= Try and complete today’s work

Gaeilge:Abair Liom lch 142 H

Bearla Starlight Read p167 B

Write a paragraph from Ruth’s mother’s perspective

Story – Ruth’s story describes bombings in Britain during the Blitz in WW2. Read story below and answer questions about Ireland being bombed during World War 2.

Mata New Wave p98 Monday

Stair: (Siul Siar 4 handout in Abair liom book)

Lch 54

C1 Cé mhead vóta abhí i bhfabhar an Conradh?

C2 Ar ghlac De Valera leis an Conradh?

C3 Cad a tharla sa Dáil?

Cogadh Cathartha ( Civil War )

C4 Cé a bhí i gceannais an dream a bhí i bhfábhar an chonartha?

C5 Cé a bhí i gceannais an dream a bhí ina choinne an chonartha?

C6 Ca fhad a mhair an cogadh cathartha?

C7 Cé mhéad daoine abhí marbh? Ce mhead daoine abhi í bpriosuin/

C8 Cad a tharla Micheál O Coileáin?

Lamhscriobh: Handwriting book

Go with the flow G – Write half a page

Ireland bombed during World War 2

The first bombing of neutral Ireland by German aircraft during the Second World War occurred on 26 August 1940, when bombs destroyed a creamery at Campile, Co. Wexford, killing three people.

On the first three days of January 1941, German bombs were dropped at a number of locations along the east coast of Ireland, including counties Carlow, Kildare, Louth, Meath, Wexford and Wicklow, but without any loss of life. On successive nights, 2 and 3 January 1941, German bombs were dropped for the first time on Dublin City in the Donore area, around the South Circular Road and in Terenure.

The excuse offered by Hitler’s government for the January bombings, as for the Campile bombing, was that German aircraft had mistaken the Irish east coast for the west coast of Britain. The view most commonly held in Ireland was that the German bombings resulted from aircraft off-loading supplies to ensure a safe return to base.

On the night of 15-16 April 1941, the Dublin Fire Brigade was sent to Belfast on the personal instruction of Taoiseach Eamon de Valera, to assist in the aftermath of German bombing of that city. The Daily Telegraph reported: “A wave of gratitude for Ireland’s errand of mercy has swept the city of Belfast overnight, establishing a bond of sympathy between North and South Ireland which no British or Irish statesman has been able to establish in a generation.”

On the night of 31 May 1941, four high-explosive bombs were dropped by German aircraft on the North Strand area of Dublin City. The casualties were many: 34 dead and 90 injured, with 300 houses damaged or destroyed. On 19 June 1941, the Irish government announced that the German government had expressed regret for the North Strand bombing and promised compensation. The North Strand bombings were the last to occur in Ireland during the Second World War.

Questions: 1. When and where was Ireland first bombed during World War 2?

  1. What excuse did Hitler’s government make for the bombings?
  2. What did Irish Taoiseach Eamon De Valera do in April 1941 to help the city of Belfast?
  3. What happened on night of 31 May 1941?

5 How much damage was done?

  1. What did the German government do?

Obair

Dé Mairt

Marta

(19/5/20)

A= Correct previous day’s work (Monday 18/5). Date your corrections on the page.

B= Try and complete today’s work

Gaeilge Abair Liom lch 144/5 Freagair na ceisteanna A lch145

Bearla Starlight p167 C

Write a story in which you or someone is saved by a pet. It can be like Ruth’s story or something else.

Story. Ruth’s dog was an Alsatian or German Shepherd

Read story and answer questions underneath.

Mata New Wave p98 Tuesday

Stair: (Siul Siar 4 handout in Abair liom book)

Lch 54

Ainmnigh na Contaetha

Focalchuardach

Dean abairt as na litreacha atá faghta

Ceol – Feadóg Stain

Mary

Twinkle

Oro se bheatha Bhaile,

Bailimis le cheile

Ceangailte le cheile

Grace,

Dynamite,

N Padraig

Mo Ghille Mear

Lamhscriobh/ Handwriting book

Go with the flow G – Write half a page

German Shepherd

The German Shepherd is one of the most popular breeds of dogs in the United States. It is friendly, strong, protective, and loyal. The breed originated in Germany and was bred as a sheep dog, hence its name.


German Shepherds are big dogs. They generally grow to around two feet tall at the withers (shoulder blades) and weigh between 50 and 90 pounds. Their ears are large and generally stand up straight. They are longer than tall and are generally well proportioned and muscular looking.


They can be most any color, but most are tan and black or reddish and black. They can be all black or sable as well. Their coat is a double coat which helps keep them warm. The outer coat sheds year round. Mostly the coat length is medium, but there is a variety of German Shepherd that has long hair.

German Shepherds were first bred as working dogs primarily to herd sheep and protect them from predators. Today they are used widely as police dogs and sometimes military dogs. They are also excellent scent dogs where they are trained to sniff out drugs, bombs, and in search and rescue missions.

The German Shepherd is one of the most popular pets in America. This is because they can act as good guard dogs as well as good pets. They are protective and loyal to their owners. They also are intelligent and obedient.

German Shepherds need a lot of activity and exercise. They are highly active dogs and want to please their owners. They are not the most friendly dogs to people they don't know. They can be aloof until they get to know someone. If not properly trained they can be overprotective of their family.


German Shepherds tend to live to around 10 years old, which is about right for dogs of their size. The one health issue they tend to have is hip and elbow problems later in life. They also tend to get ear infections.

Questions 1.Why are these dogs called German Shepherds?

  1. What type of coat has a German Shepherd?
  2. German shepherds are working dogs. What kind of work can they do?
  3. Why are they popular pets?

5 How long can they live and what kind of health problems can they have?

Obair

Dé Céadaoin

20 Bealtaine

(20/5/20)

A= Correct previous day’s work (19/5). Date your corrections on the page.

B= Try and complete today’s work

Gaeilge Abair Liom lch 144/5 Scriobh do piosa fein cosuil le Sean, Siofra, Magda, Daithi

Ainm/ Data breithe/ rogha Abhair/Caitheamh Aimsire/

post la eigin

Bearla Starlight p168 D choose words and make wordsearch.

Story: On this day in History – 20 May 1927 Charles Lindbergh flew across the Atlantic on his own.

Mata New Wave p99 Wednesday

Stair: (Siul Siar 4 handout in Abair liom book)

Lch 54

Ainmnigh na Contaetha

Focalchuardach

Dean abairt as na litreacha atá faghta

Ceol – Feadóg Stain

Mary

Twinkle

Oro se bheatha Bhaile,

Bailimis le cheile

Ceangailte le cheile

Grace,

Dynamite,

N Padraig

Mo Ghille Mear

Lamhscriobh/ Handwriting book

Go with the flow G – Write half a page

20 May 1927 - U.S.A. pilot Charles Lindbergh

Charles Lindbergh who many called the "flying fool" set off from Roosevelt Field in Long Island, NY, today flying the "Spirit of St. Louis" on an epic flight from New York to Paris and is a milestone in flying aviation history, he is expected to arrive in Paris sometime late tomorrow. His plane is expected to travel up to 125 MPH as the fuel load decreases.

He completed the 33-hour, 30-minute flight and landed at Le Bourget Airport, Paris on the evening of 21 May.

Lindbergh was born in Detroit, Michigan. His parents were Swedishimmigrants. He grew up in Little Falls, Minnesota. His father, Charles August Lindbergh, was a lawyer and later a U.S. congressman, who was against the United States entering into World War I. His mother was a teacher. While he was young, he was interested in machines. In 1922 he joined a pilot training program with Nebraska Aircraft, bought his own airplane, and became a stunt pilot.

In 1924, he started training as a pilot with the United States Army Air Corps.After finishing first in his class, Lindbergh took his first job as pilot of an airmail route in St. Louis. He flew the mail in an airplane.In April 1923, while visiting friends in Lake Village, Arkansas, Lindbergh made his first ever flight over Lake Village and Lake Chicot.

First solo flight across the Atlantic Ocean

The Spirit of St. Louis on display at the Smithsonian, Washington DC

Lindbergh gained fame around the world as the first pilot to fly solo (alone) and non-stop across the Atlantic Ocean. He flew from Roosevelt Airfield (Nassau County, Long Island), New York, USA to Paris, France on May 20-21, 1927 in his single-engine airplaneThe Spirit of St. Louis. He needed 33.5 hours for the trip.

When he arrived back in the United States, many warships and aircraft escorted him to Washington, D.C. where President Calvin Coolidge gave him the Distinguished Flying Cross. Lindbergh's act won him the Orteig Prize, which was 25,000 US dollars. A parade was held for him on 5th Avenue in New York City on June 13, 1927.[1] At the end of the year, he was named Time's first Man of the Year.

Questions: 1. Where was Charles Lindbergh born?

  1. What did he do in 1922?
  2. What was his first pilot job?
  3. Where did he fly off from on his famous journey and what date was this?

5 Where did he land and how many hours had he been flying?

6 Who was the president of the USA at the time and how much money did Charles get?

7 What was the name of his plane?

Obair

Dé Luain

Bealtaine

(11/5/20)

Cuimhnigh

1/8= 0.125=12.5%

A= Correct previous day’s work (Friday 8/5). Date your corrections on the page.

B= Try and complete today’s work

Gaeilge Abair liom lch 139 A/B

Bearla Starlight p61

E Grammer part 2 = Rewrite text adding …..

Spellbound p66 A,B

Story

On this date in history, 11 May 1916 debate in House of Commons, London. John Dillon calls for end of executions of rising leaders. Read story underneath and answer questions.

Mata New Wave p95 Monday

Coip O Bhaile

1)Tablai *8 Suimeanna 53*8 21*18

C/D/% 1/8, 2/8, 3/8, 4/8

Find 12.5% of 656 Find 37.5% of 2400

2)Abairtí – SpellBound p66 Box 1

Tireolaiocht:

Lch 58/59 An Domhain Fisiceach – Worlds’s Physical features

An Eoraip/ An Aise = Scriobh 3 sliabhraonta, 3 aibhneacha, 3 fasach. ( Write 3 mountain ranges, rivers, deserts from Europe and Asia

Lamhscriobh/ Handwriting book

Go with the flow G – Write half a page

Story - On this date in history:

11 May 1916, during the House of Commons debate on the Irish Rising/ crisis, John Dillon MP urges an end to the executions. The 8th of May 1916 had seen the execution of Irish leaders Eamon Ceannt, Con Colbert, Sean Heuston and Michael Malin.

Eamonn Ceannt was an Irish nationalist and rebel.

He was born in Ballymoe, Co Galway on September 21 1881. When he was young his family moved to Dublin where he became interested in the Irish cultural movement. He joined the Gaelic League/Conradh na Gaeilge and learnt Irish so well that he became a Conradh na Gaeilge teacher.

He was also an excellent piper. A master of the uilleann pipes, even putting on a performance for Pope Pius X. He was employed as an accountant for the Dublin Corporation. He was married to Aine and had one son Ronan.

Sometime around 1913 he joined the IRB, and later was one of the founding members of the Irish Volunteers. As such he was important in the planning of the Easter Rising of 1916, being one of the original members of the Military Committee and thus one of the seven signatories of the Easter Proclamation.

He was made commandant of the 4th Battalion of the Volunteers, and during the Rising was stationed at the South Dublin Union, with more than a hundred men under his command, notably his second-in-command Cathal Brugha, and W.T. Cosgrave.

His unit saw intense fighting at times during the week, but surrendered when ordered to do so by his superior officer Patrick Pearse. Ceannt was held in Kilmainham Jail until his execution by firing squad on May 8.

Questions:

  1. What Irish MP stood up in the House of Commons saying to stop the executions of the 1916 leaders?
  2. What Irish leaders and fighters were executed on the 8th May 1916?
  3. Where and when was Eamonn Ceannt born?
  4. What musical instrument did he play?
  5. Where did he fight in the 1916 Rising?
  6. Name two men he commanded that went on to become well known after the Rising?

7 Where and when was Eamonn Ceannt executed?

Obair

Dé Mairt

Marta

(12/5/20)

A= Correct previous day’s work (Monday 11/5). Date your corrections on the page.

B= Try and complete today’s work

Gaeilge Abair Liom lch 140 C

Bearla Starlight p163 F Internal monologue. Write paragraph.

Story. The Blitz

Read story and answer questions underneath.

Spellbound p66 C,D

Mata New Wave p95 Tuesday

Coip O Bhaile

1)Tablai /8 Suimeanna

8/1056 18/ 972

C/D/% 5/8, 6/8,7/8,8/8

Find 62.5% of 12,500 Find 87.5% of 2400

2)Abairtí – SpellBound p66 Box 2

Tireolaiocht:

Lch 58/59 An Domhain Fisiceach – Worlds’s Physical features

An Afraic = Scriobh 1 sliabhraon, 4 aibhneacha, 2 fasach, 2 lochanna. (Write 1 mountain range, 4 rivers, 2 deserts, 2 lakes)

Lamhscriobh/ Handwriting book

Go with the flow G – Write half a page

Abair Liom lch 140 C

1 Ce atá ag caint sa comhrá seo?

2. Cé a duirt bhí Seán ag caoineadh an lá ar fad?

3. Cén rudai deasa a bhí Liam agus Magda ag caint faoi?

4. Cén t-am abhí ri-rá agus ruaille buaille sa rang?

5 Cad atá Siofra ag tnúth go mor le?

The Blitz

On 15th August 1940 the Luftwaffe (German air force) bombed Croydon airfield on the outskirts of London by mistake. This was followed on 23rd August 1940 by the accidental bombing of Harrow, also on the outskirts of London. These raids went against Hitler’s direct instructions not to bomb London.

To take revenge, Churchill ordered the British RAF to bomb Berlin, the capital city of Germany, on 25th August 1840. Hitler was very angry. On 31st August 1940 he then gave orders for the invasion of Britain (codenamed ‘Operation Sealion’), although no date was set, and ordered a massive air-raid attack on London.

At about 4pm on 7th September 1940, over 350 German bombers and 650 German fighter aircraft flew across the English Channel. They dropped 300 tonnes of bombs on the docks and streets of the East of London in just two hours. Big bombs exploded with a loud bang and blew buildings apart, whilst small bombs called incendiaries started fires. At 8pm, another wave of bombers then attacked the city, guided by fires started by the earlier bombs. The fire fighters struggled to tackle the blazes from the huge rum warehouses in the area as they quickly burnt out of control. More than 450 people died and another 1,600 were injured.

London was then bombed for 76 consecutive nights and about a third of the city was destroyed. Lots of other places in Britain were bombed by the Germans too, including industrial cities and ports:

  • town centre and cathedral of Coventry was attacked on 14th November 1940;
  • Manchester was attacked on 22nd December 1940 for a full 36 hours turning the city into a raging fire storm;
  • out of about 12,000 houses, only seven remained undamaged in the town of Clydebank in Scotland following attacks on the nights of 13th and 14th March 1941;
  • Liverpool was attacked from 1st-7th May 1941 putting half of its docks out of action.

These heavy and frequent bombing attacks on Britain were known as the Blitz (from the German word ‘lightning’). Children living in big cities were moved temporarily from their homes to places considered safer, usually in the countryside.

It is estimated that 43,000 died during the Blitz across Britain. Thousands lost both their homes and possessions. Streets became covered in rubble, water pipes were shattered and electricity cables were damaged. The Bomb Disposal Squad had the dangerous job of putting out any unexploded bombs.

Most people who survived the attacks were determined to carry on as normal though and show their ‘Blitz spirit’. Postmen scrambled through the rubble to make their deliveries, religious services were still held in bomb-out churches and shops put up notices boasting “business as usual”.

Questions:

1 Who were the leaders of Germany and the United Kingdom during the Second World War?

2 On what date was the first major bombing of London?

3 How many nights in a row was London bombed?

4 What other cities were bombed?

5 How were the lives of children affected?

6 How many people dies in Britain during the Blitz?

7 How did people carry on with life during the Blitz?

8 What were the German Air force called and what does Blitz mean?

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